BRAZIL: Paraíba do Sul

The Paraíba do Sul basin is located in southeastern Brazil. The total area is 57.000 km². It includes the territories of the states: Sao Paulo (13.605 km²), Rio de Janeiro (22.600 km²) and Minas Gerais (20.500 km²).

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Formation: The River is formed in the city of Paraibuna/SP- junction of the rivers Paraitinga and Paraibuna.

 

Population: 5.258.068 habitants:

• 2.264.070 in Rio de Janeiro,

• 1.245.300 in Minas Gerais

• 1.748.698 in São Paulo.

 

Climate: rainy summers and dry winters. Temperature annual average over 21 °C.

Available water:

Paraíba do Sul basin has the highest annual rainfall between 2000 and 1000 mm. The rainfall regime is characterized by a dry period, which extends from June to September, and very rainy period, which covers the months from November to January, when major floods occurs.

The development of the basin has been providing the degradation of the quality of its water and reduction of water availability.

Agriculture: rice, beans, corn, potato, pear, lemon and orange, and others crops.

 

Vegetal Cover

and Land Use 

 Minas Gerais 

% area 

 Rio de Janeiro 

% area 

 São Paulo 

% area 

 Forest  

5.2 

13.2 

15.6 

 Second vegetation

9.2 

17.8 

12.3 

 Pasture  

80.2 

61.2 

57.6 

 Agriculture  

2 

2.4 

4.5 

 Reforestation  

0.5 

0.4 

4.4 

 Urban area  

0.4 

1.1 

2.6 

 Water  

0.1 

0.7 

1.7 

 Bare soil  

0

0.3 

0.1 

 

Historical development:

Paraíba do Sul basin had the main economic activities in the industrial and agricultural sectors. Some snippets in Sao Paulo was the first major coffee producing region in Brazil, with the economy based on slave work. After the loss of coffee production, followed a process of industrialization.